Accessories Fashion

15+ Eco Friendly Vegan Leather Alternatives

These truly eco friendly vegan leather alternatives should make the naysayers abolish animal leather forever!

By Chere Di Boscio

I must confess: here at Eluxe, we were horrified to learn that some of the bags and shoes we thought were eco-friendly due to their ‘vegan’ credentials, were actually the worst kind of greenwashing: petroleum-based, heavily polluting and toxic. Vegan accessories promoted by the likes of apparently ‘eco friendly’ Stella McCartney and Vivienne Westwood were actually no better for the environment than a pair of plastic flip flops from Walmart. Depressing!

But then we discovered some genuinely eco friendly vegan leathers, and now we simply can’t promote them enough – and guess what? Some of the world’s most prestigious fashion brands are already using them, and these materials are in greater and greater demand. These vegan leather alternatives are creative, durable, and beautiful.

Curious to see what they are? Keep reading!

Image below: H&M

15+ Truly Eco Friendly Vegan Leather Alternatives

1. Paper

The first eco friendly vegan leather on our list may surprise you: it’s paper. While it may be hard to believe that paper can be as strong as leather, don’t forget that we have featured an actual cathedral made from cardboard before. So if you can build architecture with it, it can certainly be strong enough for a handbag!

Bottega Veneta realised this when it created their gorgeous paper Carta Giapponese bag, which you can see below.

This elegant clutch is made of tightly woven washi, a delicate paper derived from the bark of the fast-growing kozo tree (a Japanese relative of the common mulberry). Once made, the washi is cut, then its edges are carefully woven.

But other designers, such as Doshi, Paper Handbags by Ilvy Jacobs and Engage Green have also made incredible use of paper in their designs.

Images: Bottega Veneta and Doshi

eco friendly vegan leather

2. Cork

Long used as a water-resistant, organic material in floor tiling, cork is widely regarded as being one of the most ecologically friendly materials around. It’s easily recycled, completely natural, and sourcing from cork oak forests for various industries helps prevent desertification and deforestation. Mainly harvested from Southern Europe, there is a particular cork forest in the Iberian Peninsula that is essential to the protection of endangered species in the region. And shopping cork bags can really help with that!

With its naturally waterproof qualities and organic texture, no wonder it has been used by large brands like Chanel and Louboutin (below), as well as smaller, more eco-friendly ones, too.


Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

3. Recycled Rubber

Some rubber, such as that used in inner tubes, can actually have quite a leathery texture and density, making it the perfect eco friendly vegan leather for fashion accessories.

Paguro, for example, is one brand that makes stylish unisex bags and sassy cuffs from the easy-to-care for material. The recycled rubber they use imitates the look of fine grain, matte leather, which translates beautifully into their various accessory designs.

Laura Zabo is another designer using the stuff. She’s replaced leather for upcycled inner tubes in everything from belts and shoes to guitar straps.

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

4. Waxed Cotton

Waxed cotton, preferably organic, is a perfect substitute for leather. Big brands, such as 7 for all Mankind and Marc Jacobs have long used this for jeans and bags, respectively.

The material is also pliable, waterproof, and unlike leather, it’s easily washable, cutting down on specialist textile cleaning bills, and also saving the environment from more dry cleaning chemicals.

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers


5. Coolstone ‘Leather’

A brand new kind of eco friendly vegan leather is made from sewable slate stone. It has a matte grey finish and actually looks and feels a bit like paper combined with rock.

We love it for the old, battered-leather look it gives to these computer cases, bags, belts and jewellery, below. As it ages, little scratches form on it, making it look like a well-worn stone, whilst softening the material even further.

This is a fairly new material, but we think it’s got a rock solid future!

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

6. Tree Bark Leather

Similar to cork but made from sustainable timber, wood leather is durable, strong and one piece is never like another, due to the varied natural grains of the product. It can even be made as fine and thin as real leather, to create coats and trousers.

The best tree bark leather is made from fast growing, renewable wood, and is treated with non-toxic chemicals to make it durable, well preserved and flexible enough to sew.

Dolce and Gabbana used this material (in the form of Flesswood) to amazing effect in their bags and platform shoes as seen in their catwalk collection last year.

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

7. Apple Leather

When the apple falls from the tree, I bet you didn’t expect it to be turned into a leather bag? By now we’re used to some fruit based materials such as orange peels and banana skins being fashioned into clothing textiles. But apples?

This is a new form of eco friendly vegan leather, and we’re super thrilled that that apple waste can make a textile that is so incredibly chic whilst being cruelty free.

Wondering where you can buy something made of apple leather? It’s easier than you’d think! Happy Genie makes chic handbags (below), as does Veggani (second pic, below), which is a super-sustainable brand because they also use recycled plastic bottles for the lining of their backpacks and handbags.

Vegan leather alternativesEco Friendly Vegan Leathers

This material is made from wasted parts of the pineapple bush, and is 100% vegan friendly and is also ethical in the sense that it gives pineapple farmers yet another source of income from their crops.

The fabric feels like thick cowhide leather, is watertight and very durable. No wonder more and more shoe and bag brands are using it! In fact, H&M recently created a bunch of cowboy boots from the stuff, which you can see in the second image in this article, above.

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

9. MuSkin Mushroom Leather

One of the coolest forms of eco friendly vegan leather comes from mushrooms.

You can actually grow this mushroom leather to the size and shape you need for any given design. How cool is that? It needs to be waterproofed, but this can be done in a simple, non-chemical way, making MuSkin completely biodegradable and eco-friendly. Who wouldn’t love to have a bag made from this vegan alternative to leather?

10. The Hana Plant (Agave Plant)

Artisans of Sri Lanka are using the thick leaves that grow from the sustainable hana plant and using these to yield yet another form of eco friendly vegan leather.

The hana plant produces a fine fibre that’s then woven into accessories that are normally made of leather, like wallets, handbags and computer cases.

Kantala products is one brand that uses the material gorgeously – and not only that, but all their products are coloured using all natural dyes, too!

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

11. Large Leaves

Bark and Leaf is a brand that transforms natural, raw materials into urban everyday items made from from banana, rain tree and lotus leaves.

These leather-like materials are incredibly lightweight and can even withstand tropical storms, so you can take these gorgeous bags, wallets and other vegan friendly accessories along with you anywhere you go, from shopping sprees to impromptu trips to the beach.

Vegan leather alternatives

12. Ultrasuede BX

Japanese textile maker Toray claims it has created yet another innovative eco friendly vegan leather. Ultrasuede BX is the world’s first suede-like non-woven fabric using plant-based raw materials.

Having a suede texture, the fabric is comprised of 30% plant-based materials – the highest content of such materials in a fabric in the world. It also contains polyester. That isn’t great, but at least is has been polymerized with ethylene glycol made from waste molasses of sugarcane.

Ultrasuede BX feels almost exactly like suede, but is more durable since it’s not as vulnerable to water and salt staining. It’s not being used widely yet, but it will be commercially available very soon!

Eco Friendly Vegan Leathers

13. Coffee Leather

What feels a bit like cork and suede had a baby, and smells like a freshly made latte? It’s coffee leather, of course! Nat2 is one brand that is already using this material to create unisex sneakers that are in high demand.

And no wonder: just look at that natural brown hue, and all the different textures coffee leather can achieve! I can’t wait until they start making handbags from this eco friendly vegan leather!

Vegan leather alternatives

14. Wine (or Grape) Leather

What’s the only thing that may smell better than coffee leather? Wine leather, of course! Vegea Company is already producing another kind of eco friendly vegan leather from winemaking by-products like grape peels and seeds.

If course, it comes in the natural hues of wine: blush, bordeaux, burgundy and so on. I love the fact that it can be printed to look like any kind of animal skin you like, from ostrich and cow to snake.

But the best part? This material will soon be available on a mass scale! In fact, H&M is making a bunch of gorgeous vegans handbags and shoes from the stuff, in partnership with Vegea. The eco-friendly collections will also feature a new dye made from coffee grounds.

Vegan leather alternatives

15. Cactus Leather

Also known as nopal leather or Desserto, this eco friendly vegan leather is made from the sun-dried fibres of cactus plants in Mexico. It’s durable, smooth and water-resistant.

You can use it to make anything from belts and bags to coats and shoes. Just check out these sneakers by Clae, below, for example. What’s not to love?

cactus leather shoes

16. Nettle Leather

Nettles are a kind of ‘love it or hate it’ plant. As a gardener, I find them to be quite annoying – they grow like weeds (because, well, they are!) anywhere, any season, and are super painful to the touch. But others argue this plant is packed with iron, tastes great in soup, and….can be used to make plant based vegan leather! In fact, you can already buy items made from nettle leather commercially, like this nifty cosmetics bag for men below, available at Mr Porter.

Chere Di Boscio

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  • Reply
    Cee Cee
    Jan 3, 2015 at 2:33 pm

    You have got a lot of your facts wrong here. All of the alternatives that you listed can be just as harmful as a petroleum based materials if not sourced responsibly and in some cases actually more damaging their regional ecosystems. Not all petroleum based faux leathers are toxic and the amount of petroleum actually used to make faux leather is less that it takes to ship cotton around the planet.

    • Reply
      Apr 7, 2015 at 10:39 pm

      Hi CeeCee

      Not sure how locally sourced tree bark or cork could be anything but eco friendly, but happy to learn…?

      • Reply
        Tom Over
        Jan 22, 2016 at 6:13 am

        I like your discourse style.

      • Reply
        Jun 13, 2016 at 3:26 pm

        Hi Chere

        Cork fabric and slate stone leather are not eco friendly as the fabrics are mixed with non- eco materials like PU, cotton and polyester. Same goes for the treebark leather such as Flesswood which is glued onto animal leather or PU\PVC vegan leather. You should dig a bit deeper and check the facts before you start praising these materials.

        • Reply
          Mar 13, 2020 at 12:07 pm

          Hi Norena,

          Most of the plant-based vegan leathers available today make slight use of PU or other additives either as a stabilizer in the material itself or as a backing. However, what us promoters of plant-based leather are saying is that compared to animal leather (a toxic industry) or synthetics (which are 100% petroleum-based rather than just a small percentage), these are still by far the most eco-friendly options available. Of course as vegan leather chemists we still have some work to do to eliminate PU completely. However, cork itself is a natural material and very eco-friendly for numerous reasons as Chere describes above, although currently it is commonly backed with a thin layer of PU. Some producers of cork are already working to phase out PU with recycled polyester. We still have work to do, but we are getting there! 🙂 Thanks for opening up the discussion!

    • Reply
      Dec 10, 2019 at 12:14 am

      I think the whole concept of eco-friendly, should largely be based on the afterlife of these materials. As we now know, besides carbon emissions, plastic has been one of the worst inventions by human beings. So when I think about eco-friendly, besides toxicity, one of the big questions are, is it bio-degradable?

  • Reply
    Jan 18, 2017 at 1:05 am

    Hi- I am interested in getting swatches of these materials for my design company. Does anyone have any resources who can help?

    • Reply
      May 26, 2019 at 12:35 pm

      A Google…

  • Reply
    Jul 17, 2017 at 8:11 pm

    Faux leather is not the same as real leather in durability because they do crack. However, the faux leather you posted in your essay are astonishing! Actually we are a supplier of faux leather and we found this essay when we were searching for people’s ideas on faux leather. You ‘re welcomed to our site if you’re interested in the fabric.
    We hope that there could be something which can contribute your next essay.

  • Reply
    Nov 13, 2017 at 8:26 pm

    I am the editor of a hungarian blog mostly about eco-fashion. I really liked your article and I would like to translate it and publish it on my own page (with citation of course). I would really appreciate if you would allow me to show people how amazing leather alternatives can be.

  • Reply
    Nov 17, 2017 at 10:55 am

    Thank you Eluxe Magazine! Stop 🛑 betraying your future with the past! it’s time to change! 👊💚 Go Vegan 🌱 Materials! Go LifeMaterials! 👊💚🌱:

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    Jan 16, 2019 at 10:44 pm

    Ok this is great, but where do I actually buy things made out of these materials? I seriously could only find like 2 actual product options out of all of these. You made me want them, now how do I get them? haha

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