Articles Magazine

Modern Slaves? The Dark Side of the Fashion Industry

By Renee Nat

By now, it’s common knowledge even amongst lovers of fast fashion that there is a dark side of the fashion industry – namely, it’s well known that most fashion is produced by workers toiling away in near slave-like conditions in developing countries around the globe. But what may come as a surprise to many is that this dark side exists not only for the poorer people involved in the fashion industry, but for some that may be envied for their positions in it.

A Short Case Study

Like most students of fashion design, Sarah knew an unpaid internship was the only real stepping-stone to finding a job in the industry. With a Master’s degree and previous intern experience on her CV, she found a perfect opportunity with a small, but well-known designer. She happily worked the long hours and paid for her commute out of her own pocket, hoping for the internship to lead to paid work. “I met lots of new people, it was fun. I worked my butt off to be indispensable to everyone, that’s just part of my nature.”

Sarah’s efforts paid off and she was ultimately offered a small salary. She kept up her work ethic, but her bank account remained empty. Her employer assured her she’d be paid soon. In the meantime, Sarah was putting all her expenses on to a loan. “At the time I didn’t think I had a choice. I thought to myself, there’s nothing else out there and I should stick this out until I get paid.”

It would take several months before she saw any cash and even then, it was only a portion of what she owed. As time passed, her paycheques remained elusive and her employer kept trying to dismiss the issue. “I realise now I was being used deliberately. She (the employer) was very nice to me, but was taking advantage of my work. I wasn’t an intern anymore, just an unpaid worker.” Sarah sought out information about her rights and ultimately, was able to find work elsewhere. The experience however, left her financially and emotionally dejected. This, sadly, is not an unusual story in the fashion industry.

Loads of Work, No Pay

Whether you’re an intern, designer, model or photographer, stories of unpaid or poorly paid work in fashion are a common tale. For entry level positions with a top fashion house or media conglomerate, it’s often pretty much  understood that work will not be for pay, but for the ‘honour’ of being able to have a prestigious name on your CV. However, the expectation that the ‘honour’ of working with a household fashion name will be for free drags on even after months – and sometimes years – of working for some fashion enterprises. And goes all the way through the top levels, too.

caKUtP4oyx0yGhdQJaAyDiLs5xbIoptE-bgrkNlsgsA

To give another example, one Editor-in-Chief of a small magazine I know of was asked by a major British fashion house to design a publicity campaign for television, which would involve both the designer and the magazine. After working hard on two pitches, the editor travelled to London at her own expense twice to present her ideas to the designer, who was delighted and accepted one of them, under the assumption that the editor do all the work, which included making a short film–for free. ‘I was told that attaching myself to her brand would be payment enough,’ she claimed. Needless to say, the project was never realised. Another writer worked 12 hours a day for an old, iconic French  maison, rushing to write their client magazine in English. When she presented her invoice, they told her it would be better if she would kindly accept her payment–in shoes.

Whilst it’s no surprise that well-remunerated jobs are hard to come by in small publications or struggling fashion houses (such as most eco-friendly ones),  there is no excuse for big multinationals refuse to pay workers fairly, or at all. Even allegedly ‘ethical’ brands like Vivienne Westwood refuse to pay a single penny to interns, despite the fact that most ambitious young workers are living in the headquarter cities of these brands, usually in the world’s most expensive capitals. Somehow, they’re expected to get by on the bare minimum, while the companies they work for continue to grow and rake in big revenues.

3E0bxgKOtS09hUwQILzEQWTvId0w_i-1IB-4zQmOEbQ,FA2DXMczjRN660NiZz0ESMfu237nmEazxaJFrkZJm80

Models work long hours, for very little pay, if any at all.

As the global economy is still reeling in the wake of the recession, luxury goods companies are thriving, though their bottom-of-the-ladder employees may not be so lucky. And yet there is no shortage of people willing to take on unpaid fashion work. Speaking about fashion journalism, writer Argot Murelius says: “The competition is such that it’s a buyer’s market out there. There are always other writers who will work for less, and hence the bar is not raised, but constantly lowered.”

It certainly doesn’t help that many publications are turning to high-profile ‘talent’ to help draw-in readers. “I certainly think it’s unfair that unknown talent doesn’t get paid properly and that big names do. For instance, Vanity Fair claims that Pippa Middleton is a ‘correspondent’ or some such thing… that’s a load of poppycock,” says Murelius. Fashion media and the design industry are two different beasts, and yet they’re both suffering from a similar disease: the inequitable distribution of wealth.  It’s the classic story of inequality that you’ve heard time and time again: the 1 per cent keeps getting richer while the 99 percent struggles to get by, but in fashion, the 99 percent is a well-dressed, competitive bunch  who are willing to do whatever it takes to work in this ‘glamorous’ world.

That ‘whatever it takes’ can also involve putting up with abuse. One editor at a big Hearst publication recalls how in the ’90s, when she was just starting out, one of her fellow interns was screamed at for having ‘frizzy’ hair, and was told to ‘take care of it’ several times. Unsure what to do with her cursed mane, the girl put it back in a (rather frizzy) ponytail for work. Her boss, enraged at this ‘unfashionable’ look, raged over to her desk with a pair of scissors and, to the horror of everyone around her,  cut the whole ponytail off. No one said a word.

That’s seems pretty extreme, but things can be even worse.

Sex, Drugs and the Fashion World

Popular fashion photographer Terry  Richardson made headlines after he ran out of the top Parisian club Le Montana when model Rie Rasmussen accused him of sexually exploiting, and even assaulting, young models:  “He takes girls who are young, manipulates them to take their clothes off and takes pictures of them they will be ashamed of. They are too afraid to say no because their agency booked them on the job and are too young to stand up for themselves  . . . I don’t understand how anyone works with him,” she said to the New York Post.  Unfortunately, sexual predation is nothing uncommon in an industry where it’s said ‘it’s not who you know, it’s who you blow’ (a quote by the rather sleazy Richardson himself, incidentally). And it can get shockingly ugly.

Top model Karen Mulder, for example, claims  that execs at Elite Models raped her and prostituted her out  to some of France’s most elite business men and politicians. In fact, she says that Elite used her and other top models “as sex slaves” in a ring that extended through the top echelons of French society – and what she said in an interview with France 2 was so  potentially libelous against the establishment that the channel not only never aired the segment with her, but even destroyed the master tape. Nevertheless, Mulder repeated most of her accusations in other interviews, adding that Elite encouraged her to use cocaine and heroin. “All these people who betrayed me I used to love very much,” she told the Daily Mail. “Then I realized how big the conspiracy was. It brought in the government and police, who both used Elite girls. People have tried to kidnap and poison me.”

Indeed, drugs are another dark side of the fashion industry. The  pressure to look good  and work all hours of the day and night in an industry based on beauty and social interaction means that many start smoking to lose weight, snort cocaine or take MDMA to stay awake, or Valium, Xanax or alcohol to calm down. “Everyone who works in fashion knows that if the choice for a position is between a shy, chubby candidate with great talent and qualifications or a slim, stylish one with loads of charm but an empty head, the latter will always win out,” says fashion intern Anais Holden.

fTG-ROfDjOzm013gYdn2ySNoUvSCFS24-GCp4H3XJiQ

How many writers and editors in this audience were actually paid for their work and expenses?

But even so, despite all the potential dangers, pressure, unpaid work and long hours, ‘average’ people will tolerate all of these obstacles in their struggle to get ahead in fashion and possibly become famous in one of the world’s most elite industries. Much to their dismay, however, they will often find the most coveted jobs will be given to those who ‘don’t need’ the money, such as children of celebrities, trust fund kids, wives of millionaires and celebrities themselves.

Who You Know

These are an elite clique who are ‘hired’ for the most prestigious jobs as stylists, writers, photographers, models and the like, even though they may not be the most qualified or talented. Think about it: today’s huge models Georgia May Jagger, Kaya Gerber, Bella and Gigi Hadid and Cara Delevigne to name just a few all come from wealthy backgrounds; virtually all the staff at Tatler or Vogue are posh and privileged; quite often, family fashion dynasties dictate that only blood relatives will take over important positions in the most coveted labels: Prada, Ralph Lauren, Saab, to name a few. The tuition at schools like Parsons, ESMOD or Central Saint Martins means only those on heavy scholarships or with big, fat savings accounts can afford to study design with the best.

So why do people continue to want to work in this industry? ‘It’s all I ever wanted to do,’ says Alison Krull, a design student. ‘Since I was a little girl, I’ve been designing clothes. I don’t care if I work for a famous designer–the best jobs are with the high street shops like Zara.’ The editor of this very magazine told me that after having been badly paid or completely unpaid for various high-profile editing jobs, she contemplated her options: ‘I’ve been doing this for half my life, but was really disillusioned with the world of mainstream fashion, so I started my own publication,’ she says. ‘It still doesn’t make much money, but at least no one is promising me cash that I may or may not get, and when I work hard, it’s for myself.’

zJPWJNx6a44inVYh2-oE9UV9TUHQmLQGMt2gggCkByc

While a few makeup artists become well paid and even famous, they need to pay their dues first, often by working for free

In well known, high-end fashion and media houses, horror stories of (sometimes criminally) insane employers, soul-crushing working hours and gruelling work for no pay show no signs of abating. While it is noble and right to pressure companies to treat fashion employees fairly in overseas sweatshops,  the time to discuss how badly employees in the fashion industry are treated in developed countries is now. We’ve become modern fashion slaves, quite literally. Don’t we deserve to be treated with dignity, too?

*Names have been changed to protect the identities of our correspondents.

*All photography by Emmanuel Sarnin

References:

http://antwerpsex.wordpress.com/2013/08/09/unpaid-internships-experience-or-exploitation/ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/31/donna-karan-sued-unpaid-intern_n_3848148.htmlhttp://finance.hermes.com/en http://www.lvmh.com/investor-relations/documentation  http://jezebel.com/5304706/modeling-and-the-tragedy-of-karen-mulder

This site uses affiliate links with brands we trust, and if you make a purchase using a link, we may receive a commission.

Did you enjoy this post? Want to show your gratitude? Please support us on Patreon!

Patreon logo Become a Patron

Loading...

No Comments

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This site uses affiliate links with brands we trust, and if you make a purchase using a link, we may receive a commission.

Privacy Policy

The Eluxe privacy policy applies to all your personal information, given and received. Personal information is information that might identify you, like your name, address, phone number, email, or website. When you visit our site, we may gather information about you such as your name, email, cookie information, and IP location. We may contact you regarding your preferences for information and updates. This information allows us to honour your requests for products and services and to improve our service to you. We never share or sell your personal information, unless we need to do so in order to provide a product, information or service that you have requested. Please note that no data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed to be 100% safe, thus, we cannot warrant that your information will be absolutely secure. Eluxe Magazine has a variety of safeguards – technical, administrative, and physical – in place to help protect against unauthorised access to, use, or disclosure of user information. We guarantee adherence to industry best practices that ensure complete security, and we fully comply with all federal regulations. If we change our privacy policy, we will tell you.

Copyright

All material on our site is original unless stated. Original content is fully copyrighted and may not be reproduced without permission. We make every effort to ensure all published images respect appropriate copyright. Should there be any issue, please contact us immediately.

Third party links

Occasionally, at our discretion, we may include or offer third party products or services on our website. These third party sites have separate and independent privacy policies. We therefore have no responsibility or liability for the content and activities of these linked sites. Nonetheless, we seek to protect the integrity of our site and welcome any feedback about these sites.

Eluxe Magazine uses affiliate links throughout the site. We may be compensated if readers click on those links. We only provide links to products and services we genuinely like and trust.

Our Site will also occasionally contain links to, and quotations of, material from other sites. Eluxe Magazine is not responsible for the content or the privacy practices of other sites and expressly disclaims any liability arising out of such content or practices. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave Eluxe Magazine’s Site, and to read the privacy statements of any website that may collect personally identifiable information. Some of the links found on our site may be links that have been paid for by the sponsor. Under no circumstances does Eluxe Magazine accept responsibility for, nor shall Eluxe Magazine be liable for any violation of personal or proprietary rights of you and/or any third party (including, but not limited to, copyright, trademark, patent, service mark, misappropriation, unfair competition, trade secrets, privacy publicity rights, etc.), false advertising that is harmful, or violates any law or governmental regulation and/or any media that may constitute libel or slander of any person or entity or infringe upon or violate the right of privacy or any other right of any person or entity arising out of content, practices, or other media of any third party links.

Eluxe Magazine is not responsible for the content or the privacy practices of other sites we link into and expressly disclaims any liability arising out of such content or practices. Under no circumstances does Eluxe Magazine accept responsibility for, nor shall Eluxe Magazine be liable for any damages or detriment arising out of content, practices, or other media of third party links.

Editorial Statement and Disclaimer

The views expressed at here are the views of the Eluxe staff and do not necessarily represent the views of Eluxe sponsors and/or partners. Eluxe content is for informational and entertainment purposes, and any views expressed should not be accepted as a substitute for qualified expertise. Though we make every effort to provide accurate information, it is up to you, the reader, to use Eluxe’s content responsibly; in return, we promise to publish responsibly. We stand by our content, our writers, and our editors. In the rare case we make a mistake, we will take whatever reasonable course of action we can to acknowledge and correct it.

Disclaimer and Limitation of Liability

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, YOU EXPRESSLY UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT THE SITE, CONTENT, PRODUCTS AND/OR SERVICES ON THE SITE ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” AND ON AN “AS AVAILABLE” BASIS. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW AND EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, TGT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. ELUXE MAGAZINE DOES NOT REPRESENT OR WARRANT THAT THE SITE WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT ANY DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SITE OR THE SERVER THAT MAKES THE SITE AVAILABLE ARE FREE FROM VIRUSES OR ANYTHING ELSE HARMFUL. FURTHER, EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, ELUXE MAKES NO WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE ACCURACY, ADEQUACY, USEFULNESS, RELIABILITY, OR COMPLETENESS OF THE SITE, PRODUCTS, SERVICES, CONTENT, THE CONTENT OF ANY THIRD-PARTY SITE LINKED TO OR FROM THIS SITE, COMMENTS, INFORMATION, INFORMATION PROVIDED BY OUR VENDORS, OR ANY OTHER ITEMS OR MATERIALS ON THE SITE OR LINKED TO FROM THE SITE.

ELUXE ASSUMES NO LIABILITY OR RESPONSIBILITY FOR (A) ANY, ERRORS, MISTAKES OR INACCURACIES OF THE CONTENT, PRODUCTS, SERVICES, INFORMATION, SITE AND MATERIALS SET FORTH ON OR MADE AVAILABLE THROUGH THE SITE, (B) PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER, RESULTING FROM YOUR ACCESS TO OR USE OF THE SITE, PRODUCTS, SERVICES OR ANY THIRD PARTY SITE(S), PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, (C) ANY UNAUTHORISED ACCESS TO OR USE OF THE SERVERS THAT HOST THE SITE OR ANY THIRD PARTY SITE(S) AND/OR ANY AND ALL PERSONAL INFORMATION STORED THEREIN, (D) ANY INTERRUPTION OR CESSATION OF TRANSMISSION TO OR FROM THE SITE OR THIRD PARTY SITE(S), (E) ANY BUGS, VIRUSES, TROJAN HORSES OR THE LIKE, WHICH MAY BE TRANSMITTED TO OR THROUGH THE SITE OR ANY THIRD PARTY SITE(S) BY TGT OR ANY THIRD PARTY, AND/OR (F) ANY ERRORS OR OMISSIONS IN THE NETWORK OR ANY CONTENT, INFORMATION AND MATERIALS (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THIRD PARTY SITE(S)) OR FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE OF ANY KIND INCURRED AS A RESULT OF THE USE OF ANY OF THE FOREGOING.

NO PERSON (INCLUDING ANY AGENT, DEALER OR REPRESENTATIVE OF ELUXE MAGAZINE) IS AUTHORISED TO MAKE ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY CONCERNING PRODUCTS AND BY USING THIS SITE, YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT YOU HAVE NOT RELIED ON ANY OTHER WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS.

IN NO EVENT SHALL ELUXE OR ITS SUBSIDIARIES, AFFILIATES, AGENTS, SUPPLIERS, VENDORS, MANUFACTURERS OR DISTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF USE, DATA, REVENUE OR PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR GOODWILL, ARISING FROM OR IN CONNECTION WITH (A) THE USE OF, OR INABILITY TO USE, THE SITE; (B) THE PROVISION OF OR FAILURE TO PROVIDE SERVICES, PRODUCTS, MATERIALS, CONTENT, OR SOFTWARE AVAILABLE FROM, ON OR THROUGH THE SITE OR ANY THIRD-PARTY WEBSITE(S); OR (C) THE CONDUCT OF OTHER USERS OF THE SITE, WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE, EVEN IF ELUXE MAGAZINE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. YOU ASSUME COMPLETE RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR USE OF THE SITE. YOUR SOLE REMEDY AGAINST TGT FOR DISSATISFACTION WITH THE SITE OR ANY CONTENT IS TO STOP USING THE WEBSITE. THAT SAID, IF ELUXE MAGAZINE IS FOUND TO BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS ARISING OUT OF OR WHICH IS IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH YOUR USE OF THE SITE, ANY CONTENT, OR PURCHASE OF ANY PRODUCTS OR SERVICES ON OR THROUGH THE SITE, ELUXE MAGAZINE’S LIABILITY SHALL NOT EXCEED $100.00 IN THE AGGREGATE.

These Terms of Service (together with our Privacy Policy, which is expressly incorporated herein by reference and which can be accessed on this Site, and any other terms that may appear on the Site from time-to-time) contain the entire understanding between you and us with respect to your use and access of this Site, and supersede all prior agreements, terms, conditions and understandings, both written and oral, with respect to such use and access of the Site. No representation, statement or inducement, whether oral or written, not contained in these Terms of Service (and any other terms that may appear on the Site from time-to-time) or the Privacy Policy shall bind any party to this agreement. No additional or different terms or conditions will be binding upon us unless expressly agreed to in writing by an officer of ELUXE MAGAZINE. No other representative has any authority to waive, alter, vary or add to these Terms of Service. Before using this Site please read through all referenced documents carefully.

Aggregate information (non-personally identifiable information)

Eluxe Magazine may, from time to time, automatically collect aggregate information about our visitors to our advertisers, sponsors, promotional partners and affiliates. This aggregate information includes, but is not limited to, IP addresses connecting to our site, how many persons visited a particular page or activity, dates and times of image uploads, device characteristics, operating system, browser type, type of connection, page and image viewing statistics, and incoming and outgoing links.

Like most websites, we use log files to store this information. None of this automatically collected technical information is associated with any identified person at the time it is collected, but it could be associated with you under two circumstances: First, if you choose to give us personal data about you as described above, the technical information we collect that would otherwise be anonymous could instead be logged as coming from you. Second, if we are required to disclose our server logs as a result of a subpoena or other legal process, some third party such as your internet provider could match our anonymous technical information with you, using information beyond what is found on our servers.

Eluxe Magazine may use cookies, web beacons, pixel tags, or other anonymous tracking information to improve our server’s interaction with your computer, and we may partner with third party advertisers who may (themselves or through their partners) place or recognise a unique cookie on your browser. These cookies enable more customised ads, content, or services to be provided to you. To trigger these cookies, we may pass an encrypted or “hashed” (non-human readable) identifier corresponding to your email address to a Web advertising partner, who may place a cookie on your computer. No personally identifiable information is on, or is connected to, these cookies. Although our servers currently don’t respond to “do-not-track” requests (see below), you can block these cookies in other ways, for example by searching “[your browser] + disable cookies.”

Eluxe Magazine will never share, sell, lease, or rent PII to unaffiliated third parties, except in the following circumstances:

a) If we have a good faith belief that we must disclose such information for legal reasons, such as to enforce our Terms of Service, protect or assert the rights, property interests, or personal safety of Eluxe (including its employees, directors, suppliers, distributors, service providers, users of the Website or others), or if we are otherwise required to disclose such information by law. We will disclose information only to the extent necessary to comply with the purpose of the request.

b) We may share aggregate, anonymous or summary information regarding our customers and their behaviors with partners, advertisers or other third parties. This data is not personal information and so will not identify you personally. We may share information with companies that provide support services to us, such as a printer, mailing house, fulfillment-company, credit card processor, email service provider or web host, amongst others. These parties may need personal information about you in order to perform their functions. However, these parties may not use any personal information we share with them about you for any other purpose other than in connection with performing supporting functions for us.

You have the right at any time to prevent us from contacting you for marketing purposes. If and when we send a promotional communication to a user, the user can opt out of further promotional communications by following the unsubscribe instructions provided in each promotional e-mail. Please note that notwithstanding the promotional preferences you indicate by unsubscribing or opting out in some other fashion, we may continue to send you administrative emails including, for example, periodic updates to our Privacy Policy.

In order to access a profile on Eluxe Magazine’s shop, you must first create an account with a username and password. The registration system requires that a valid email address be used to confirm the account. You should choose a username that does not include your last name and does not specify your city or your address. Eluxe Magazine asks that you use your first name only, or an alias, for your display name. This is to safeguard your privacy and protection. We do not use and cannot access this information.

Eluxe Magazine is 100% opposed to unsolicited commercial email (“spam”). We do not have any desire to send unsolicited marketing emails to anyone without permission and we do not sell or provide user email addresses to any unauthorised third party in violation of this Policy. All of our newsletters and other general email marketing communications also include an “unsubscribe” opt-out link that you may use to tell us to stop sending you marketing emails.

In the event of a change in control resulting from, for example, a sale to, or merger with, another entity, or in the event of a sale of assets or a bankruptcy, Eluxe Magazine reserves the right to transfer your personal information to the new party in control, or the party acquiring assets. We will only do so if the party we transfer the information to agrees that they will abide by our Privacy Policy for as long as they hold the information, and that they will not transfer the information to any other party who will not abide by our Privacy Policy.

We use third-party advertising companies to deliver online advertising. These companies facilitate the delivery of ads, conduct market research, and use cookies for record-keeping purposes. These cookies sometimes enable the companies to serve you ads tailored to things you have shown an interest in based on your prior web activity. This is generally known as behavioral advertising. For example, this means that if you frequently read movie reviews online, it is possible that you might see ads on other websites relating to upcoming movies. Online advertising companies generally conduct this activity in an anonymous format, with online information not combined with information that would allow for your identification.

The third-party companies that will be serving advertisements on Eluxe Magazine may include DoubleClick, Google and Taboola.

We may periodically modify, alter, or update these policies. We will alert users to any material changes to this policy by posting the revised information here. We encourage you to review our Privacy Policy on a regular basis to stay informed about how we are protecting the personal information we collect. Your continued use of TGT’s website constitutes your agreement to this Privacy Policy and any future updates.

The third-party companies that will be serving advertisements on Eluxe Magazine may include but are absolutely not limited to: DoubleClick, ShareThis, Skimlinks, Google, Taboola and more.

If you wish to opt out of these cookie options, please stop using this site immediately and change your browser settings. Here are more tips to help you avoid cookies.

This site uses affiliate links with brands we trust, and if you make a purchase using a link, we may receive a commission.

Did you enjoy this post? Want to show your gratitude? Please support us on Patreon!

Patreon logo Become a Patron