The Dangers Of Body Sprays & Other Fragrances

The dangers of body sprays are probably worse than you think! Here’s what you need to know

By Chere Di Boscio

Every time I hear the hiss of someone using a body spray in my gym, I walk (very quickly!) to the other side of the changing room. Why? Few seem to realize these air-freshener-like spray deodorants contain synthetic fragrances that are made up of hundreds of chemicals, many of which can be very harmful to the health of not only the person who is ‘wearing’ them, but all those breathing the air around them, too.

Body sprays and aerosol deodorants contain toxins like hormone-disrupting phthalates and synthetic musks, which have been associated with serious health risks, including heart disease. In fact, the Environmental Working Group’s (EWG’s) consistently rates Axe, Old Spice, and other commercial body sprays, deodorants and perfumes as moderate-to-high health hazards. Far from transforming men into virile beasts as the ads for these products suggest, the sprays may ironically impede men’s chances of reproducing, as a recent analysis of popular men’s fragrances confirmed that many contain chemicals that can disrupt male hormones and damage sperm.

Even worse, a study from the EWG found that teenage boys and girls are particularly susceptible to hormone-disrupting chemicals like  phthalates because of the ways the chemicals influence their rapidly developing reproductive systems. Animal studies have found that male rats exposed to phthalates during puberty had more testicular problems, and a report from the Journal for Applied Toxicology has suggested that there may be a link between spraying the hormone-disrupting chemicals contained in deodorants and breast cancer, especially those tumours found in the outer quarter of the breast.

No Controls

But these chemicals also have immediate negative health effects on many full grown adults, too, including triggering asthma, eye and throat irritation, dermatitis, and more. The manufacturers surely know it, too – otherwise why would there be warnings on the back of Lynx canisters that advise ‘use in short bursts in well ventilated spaces’; ‘avoid prolonged spraying’ and ‘keep out of reach of children’?

Even more worrying is the fact that the EWG points out that the Food and Drug Administration “has not assessed the safety of the vast majority” of secret chemicals used in spray-on products. “Fragrance secrecy is legal due to a giant loophole in the Federal Fair Packaging and Labeling Act of 1973, which requires companies to list cosmetics ingredients on the product labels but explicitly exempts fragrance,” they report.

As such, the cosmetics industry has kept the public in the dark about fragrance ingredients and the dangers of body sprays, “even those that present potential health risks or build up in people’s bodies.”

Toxic Contents

Wondering what those fragrance ingredients that go into perfumes, body sprays and deodorants are? Here is just a short list of common chemicals in the most popular brands. They basically form the grounds for the dangers of body sprays!

1. Butane, Isobutane and Propane

Why are they used? Propellants in body sprays, perfumes and spray deodorants.

Health effects: Headache; breathing difficulties; mood swings; nausea, to name a few. Like cigarette smoke, these propellants harm not only body spray users, but those around them, too.

2. Aluminium zirconium tetrachlorohydrex GLY,  Aluminium chlorohydrate

Why are they used? In deodorants to clog pores to prevent sweat leaking through.

Health Effects: Skin irritation; mental decline. Aluminium is absorbed through the skin and there is evidence that a lifetime’s use of aluminium-containing deodorants may lead to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Can cause cancer – In women, a combination of underarm shaving and aluminium containing deodorants has been linked to breast cancer. Spray formulations mean you inhale, as well as absorb these compounds, more rapidly and deeply.

3. 14 Butyl Ether

Why is it used? Preservative, solvent, antibacterial.

Health effects: Skin irritant, neurotoxin. PPG-14 butyl ether is a relative of propylene glycol and potentially toxic to the kidneys and liver. In the US it is a pesticide component. It is poisonous in high concentrations and can enhance the penetration of other more toxic chemicals.

4. BHT – butylated hydroxytoluene

Why is it used? Antioxidant.

Health Effects: Contact allergies/contact dermatitis. Cancer suspect. May cause reproductive defects. Once absorbed, BHT can accelerate the breakdown of vital nutrients such as vitamin D.

5. Parfum (Synthetic)

Why is it used? Body odour mask.

Health effects: Skin irritation, allergic reaction; breathing difficulties (including asthma); headache (including migraine; dizziness, nausea). Many of the chemicals used in parfum are persistent (i.e. they don’t break down in the environment and they accumulate in human tissue and breast milk), and yet they don’t need to be listed on the label because their combination is considered a ‘trade secret’.

6. Distearate

Why is it used? Moisturiser, emulsifier, emollient and antioxidant in stick deodorants and other cosmetics. Adding PEG to a product will prevent moisture loss during storage.

Health effects: Cancer. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) compounds can be contaminated with various carcinogens, including ethylene oxide, 1,4-dioxane and polycyclic aromatic compounds (including benzene, benz(a)pyrene, DMBA, and 1-nitropyrene) – potential breast cancer triggers. Neurotoxic – PEGs can be contaminated with heavy metals such as lead, iron, cobalt, nickel, cadmium, and arsenic, which are toxic to the central nervous system.

*Source for all information above here.

The Good News

Fortunately, you can still smell wonderful without ruining your health! There are several alternatives to perilous spray deodorants that you can make at home or buy. If you want to get all boho and create your own body deodoriser, baking soda can be mixed with a small amount of water or oil to cornstarch, to absorb moisture.

The equivalent effect of antiperspirant deodorants can be obtained using witch hazel, as it constricts the pores so sweat can’t seep through and mix with the bacteria on the skin. Alcohol and lemon may even help kill bacteria that cause odours, and beeswax, mineral salts and essential oils are also tried and tested deodorant alternatives.

Not feeling up to a DIY job? No worries!  Read about our Top 10 Natural Deodorants here.

It’s especially important to encourage self-conscious teens, whose bodies are still developing, to use natural fragrance products. And it’s also important to remember that even if you don’t use toxic body sprays yourself, your health can still be affected by those around when you breathe in what they’re spraying.

Don’t be afraid to raise a stink about the dangers of body sprays to your friends, family, and even fellow gym members. A little education goes a long way, and if we all spread the word, I’m sure one day, we’ll regard spray fragrances with the same disdain we do with cigarette smoke.

Chere Di Boscio
Latest posts by Chere Di Boscio (see all)

20 thoughts on “The Dangers Of Body Sprays & Other Fragrances”

  1. Chere, can you please tell me if the Lush body sprays are hormone safe? They’re not aerosols
    The have the ingredients colour coded, some naturally derived ingredients and some ‘safe synrhetics’ or something like that. The people in the store or the online customer service help couldn’t help, she sent away to head office to ask about it bc one of the “naturally derived ingredients” is fragrance. I read that some essential oils also a xenoestrogens/ phytoestrogens and can affect hormones so…idk feel like I can’t even use absolou(?) oils but.. I want to smell pretty. I haven’t used anything fragrance in about 6 months.

    1. Thanks for your question! It’s hard to say, because they list ‘fragrance’ as the second or third ingredient, and ‘fragrance’ is, in fact, a ‘secret’ ingredient whose composition is considered to be a ‘trade secret.’ But they do admit their fragrances are synthetic, not derived from natural materials, so….

      1. Chris Llewellyn

        Whether the compound is synthetic or not doesn’t matter. Your white blood cells snd thymus gland can’t tell the difference between natural and synthetic. If the white blood cell bumps into the fragrance and it doesn’t like the impression it takes of the molecule surface and it is a protein then it willl create an antibody. You immune system reacting to the second exposure to the molecule will be no worse or less whether the fragrance was synthetic or natural.

        With that said I know that synthetic molecules tend to not clump together as natural ones do. They seems to have less of an innate attraction to one another so depending on the size of molecule this clumping can slow down their absorption into the body from skin. Some synthetics also have better ability to penetrate snd cross membranes than their natural molecule counterparts.
        So you need to prioritize referencing the molecule for safety before you worry about it being synthetic which is secondary in importance. Poison is poison natural or synthetic. Tea tree oil, lavender, Etc. Should be avoided natural or synthetic. They are irritants and hormone disrupters.

  2. Samuel ibifubara

    Am obsessed with perfumes . Am in Nigeria . Please advice on brands to be used here. The listed on your link I can’t fined any here . Thank you
    Am usually on brown orchid, dove deodorant. Brown label , cool breeze. Are they good ?
    Am open to other suggestions.

  3. As my son in his teens was absolutely obsessed with Lynx and other body sprays/deodorants and carried on to more expensive sprays and aftershaves, I read this article in a little shock. He is currently a 40 year old in hospital after suffering a heart attack last week, about to have heart bypass for severely clogged arteries. Not a bad diet, bit of exercise, non smoker and and a cholesterol of 4.8, it wasn’t expected. We are searching for answers so it doesn’t repeat in a few years. This really opened my eyes

    1. I’m so sorry to hear that, Jean! How terrible! Lynx now has a new spray that even changes your body temperature to ‘stay cool’. What kind of nasty chemicals do that, I wonder? I hope your son recovers quickly! All the best.

  4. Ever since I read this article I’ve been looking for an alternative product for my 15-yr old son. He uses deodorant (not anti-perspirant) but still feels the need to wear Axe. Is there any safe body spray or cologne-type that of product that I can buy to replace the Axe? When I search all I find is alternatives for deodorant but nothing for body spray. Thank you.

  5. Just to clarify, is exposure to these body mists only dangerous if one is repeatedly exposed to them? Could a one-time close exposure do serious harm?

  6. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on this issue. And he just bought me lunch for that, so let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

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